Tutoriales

Cómo encontrar la traducción de NetworkManager en Linux

H¿Cómo puedo comprobar o encontrar la traducción de NetworkManager en la distribución de Linux?

Podemos usar la rasgo de comando nmcli para controlar NetworkManager y reportar el estado de la red. Otra opción es utilizar NetworkManager para imprimir la traducción en Linux.



Encontrar la traducción de NetworkManager en Linux usando el comando nmcli

Anconada la aplicación del terminal y luego escriba el sucesivo comando para mostrar la traducción de nmcli en la pantalla:
nmcli --version
O
nmcli -v
Esto es lo que vemos en Ubuntu Linux 20.04 LTS:

nmcli tool, version 1.22.10

Comprobación de la traducción de NetworkManager mediante NetworkManager

El demonio NetworkManager intenta que la configuración y el funcionamiento de la red sean lo más sencillos y automáticos posibles mediante la gobierno de la conexión de red principal y otras interfaces de red, como Ethernet, Wi-Fi y dispositivos de cuadrilla ancha móvil. Para imprimir la traducción del software NetworkManager y salir, ejecute:
NetworkManager --version
## OR ##
NetworkManager -V

¿Cómo puedo examinar qué traducción del administrador de red se instaló usando el comando apt?

Anconada la aplicación de terminal y luego ejecute el sucesivo comando:
apt info network-manager
Panorama de muestra:

Package: network-manager
Version: 1.22.10-1ubuntu2.2
Priority: optional
Section: net
Origin: Ubuntu
Maintainer: Ubuntu Developers <[email protected]>
Diferente-Maintainer: Utopia Maintenance Team <[email protected]>
Bugs: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+filebug
Installed-Size: 7,651 kB
Depends: libaudit1 (>= 1:2.2.1), libbluetooth3 (>= 4.91), libc6 (>= 2.26), libcurl3-gnutls (>= 7.24.0), libglib2.0-0 (>= 2.43.2), libgnutls30 (>= 3.6.12), libjansson4 (>= 2.0.1), libmm-glib0 (>= 1.0.0), libndp0 (>= 1.2), libnewt0.52 (>= 0.52.21), libnm0 (= 1.22.10-1ubuntu2.2), libpolkit-agent-1-0 (>= 0.99), libpolkit-gobject-1-0 (>= 0.104), libpsl5 (>= 0.13.0), libreadline8 (>= 6.0), libselinux1 (>= 1.32), libsystemd0 (>= 221), libteamdctl0 (>= 1.9), libudev1 (>= 183), libuuid1 (>= 2.16), wpasupplicant, dbus, udev, adduser, libpam-systemd, policykit-1
Recommends: ppp, dnsmasq-base, iptables, modemmanager, network-manager-pptp, crda
Suggests: avahi-autoipd, libteam-utils, isc-dhcp-client
Breaks: ppp (>= 2.4.7-3~), ppp (<< 2.4.7-2+~)
Homepage: https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/NetworkManager
Task: ubuntu-desktop-minimal, ubuntu-desktop, kubuntu-desktop, kubuntu-full, xubuntu-core, xubuntu-desktop, lubuntu-desktop, ubuntustudio-desktop-core, ubuntustudio-desktop, ubuntukylin-desktop, ubuntu-mate-core, ubuntu-mate-desktop, ubuntu-budgie-desktop
Download-Size: 1,855 kB
APT-Manual-Installed: yes
APT-Sources: http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates/main amd64 Packages
Description: network management framework (daemon and userspace tools)
 NetworkManager is a system network service that manages your network devices
 and connections, attempting to keep active network connectivity when
 available. It manages ethernet, WiFi, mobile broadband (WWAN), and PPPoE
 devices, and provides VPN integration with a variety of different VPN
 services.
 .
 This package provides the userspace daemons and a command line interface to
 interact with NetworkManager.
 .
 Optional dependencies:
  * avahi-autoipd: Used for IPv4LL, a protocol for automatic Link-Regional IP
    address configuration.
  * ppp: Required for establishing dial-up connections (e.g. via GSM).
  * dnsmasq-base/iptables: Required for creating Ad-hoc connections and
    connection sharing.
  * libteam-utils: Network Team driver allows multiple network interfaces to be
    teamed together and act like a single one. This process is called "ethernet
    bonding", "channel teaming" or "link aggregation".
 
N: There is 1 additional record. Please use the '-a' switch to see it

Cómo comprobar todas las versiones posibles de NetworkManager en Ubuntu o Debian Linux

Podemos consultar de forma remota la almohadilla de datos del archivo Debian acerca de los paquetes. Veremos la traducción del paquete según la bloque / componente / suite y más. Escriba el sucesivo comando:
rmadison network-manager

Mostrar solo información para la bloque amd64:
rmadison -a amd64 network-manager

 network-manager | 0.9.4.0-0ubuntu3       | precise         | amd64
 network-manager | 0.9.4.0-0ubuntu4.4.1   | precise-updates | amd64
 network-manager | 0.9.8.8-0ubuntu7       | trusty          | amd64
 network-manager | 0.9.8.8-0ubuntu7.1     | trusty-security | amd64
 network-manager | 0.9.8.8-0ubuntu7.3     | trusty-updates  | amd64
 network-manager | 1.1.93-0ubuntu4        | xenial          | amd64
 network-manager | 1.2.6-0ubuntu0.16.04.3 | xenial-security | amd64
 network-manager | 1.2.6-0ubuntu0.16.04.3 | xenial-updates  | amd64
 network-manager | 1.2.6-0ubuntu0.16.04.4 | xenial-proposed | amd64
 network-manager | 1.10.6-2ubuntu1        | bionic          | amd64
 network-manager | 1.10.6-2ubuntu1.1      | bionic-security | amd64
 network-manager | 1.10.6-2ubuntu1.4      | bionic-updates  | amd64
 network-manager | 1.10.6-2ubuntu1.5      | bionic-proposed | amd64
 network-manager | 1.22.10-1ubuntu1       | focal           | amd64
 network-manager | 1.22.10-1ubuntu2.2     | focal-updates   | amd64
 network-manager | 1.26.2-1ubuntu1        | groovy          | amd64
 network-manager | 1.30.0-1ubuntu1        | hirsute         | amd64

Para comprobar si NetworkManager se está ejecutando o no

Ejecute el comando systemctl:
systemctl status NetworkManager

 NetworkManager.service - Network Manager
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/NetworkManager.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Wed 2021-02-24 17:55:10 IST; 1 weeks 0 days ago
       Docs: man:NetworkManager(8)
   Main PID: 1830 (NetworkManager)
      Tasks: 3 (limit: 37923)
     Memory: 14.7M
     CGroup: /system.slice/NetworkManager.service
             └─1830 /usr/sbin/NetworkManager --no-daemon

Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.1505] device (mum-wg0): state change: disconnected -> prepare (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.1509] device (mum-wg0): state change: prepare -> config (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.1511] device (mum-wg0): state change: config -> need-auth (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.1526] device (mum-wg0): state change: need-auth -> prepare (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.1529] device (mum-wg0): state change: prepare -> config (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.2308] device (mum-wg0): state change: config -> ip-config (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.2368] device (mum-wg0): state change: ip-config -> ip-check (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.2560] device (mum-wg0): state change: ip-check -> secondaries (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.2563] device (mum-wg0): state change: secondaries -> activated (reason 'none', sys-iface-state: 'managed')
Mar 03 22:55:03 nixcraft-wks01 NetworkManager[1830]:   [1614792303.2645] device (mum-wg0): Activation: successful, device activated.

Cómo apañarse paquetes de soporte de VPN de NetworkManager

Utilice el comando apt o el comando apt-cache en Debian o Ubuntu Linux:
apt search network-manager-
apt-cache search network-manager-

Vemos varios paquetes:


network-manager-config-connectivity-ubuntu - NetworkManager configuration to enable connectivity checking
network-manager-dev - network management framework (development files)
network-manager-gnome - network management framework (GNOME frontend)
network-manager-openvpn - network management framework (OpenVPN plugin core)
network-manager-openvpn-gnome - network management framework (OpenVPN plugin GNOME GUI)
network-manager-pptp - network management framework (PPTP plugin core)
network-manager-pptp-gnome - network management framework (PPTP plugin GNOME GUI)
budgie-network-manager-applet - Network Manager Applet for the budgie-desktop
network-manager-config-connectivity-debian - NetworkManager configuration to enable connectivity checking
network-manager-fortisslvpn - network management framework (Fortinet SSLVPN plugin core)
network-manager-fortisslvpn-gnome - network management framework (Fortinet SSLVPN plugin GNOME GUI)
network-manager-iodine - network management framework (iodine plugin core)
network-manager-iodine-gnome - network management framework (iodine plugin GNOME GUI)
network-manager-l2tp - network management framework (L2TP plugin core)
network-manager-l2tp-gnome - network management framework (L2TP plugin GNOME GUI)
network-manager-openconnect - network management framework (OpenConnect plugin core)
network-manager-openconnect-gnome - network management framework (OpenConnect plugin GNOME GUI)
network-manager-ssh - network management framework (SSH plugin core)
network-manager-ssh-gnome - network management framework (SSH plugin GNOME GUI)
network-manager-strongswan - network management framework (strongSwan plugin)
network-manager-vpnc - network management framework (VPNC plugin core)
network-manager-vpnc-gnome - network management framework (VPNC plugin GNOME GUI)
strongswan-nm - strongSwan plugin to interact with NetworkManager

Por ejemplo, puedo instalar el soporte de strongswan VPN de la sucesivo guisa:
sudo apt install network-manager-strongswan
El adjudicatario de CentOS / RHEL / Fedora Linux puede escribir el sucesivo comando dnf / comando yum:
sudo yum search NetworkManager
## OR ##
sudo dnf search NetworkManager

Last metadata expiration check: 2:25:08 ago on Wed Mar  3 19:47:51 2021.
============================================================================================================ Name Exactly Matched: NetworkManager ============================================================================================================
NetworkManager.x86_64 : Network connection manager and user applications
=========================================================================================================== Name & Summary Matched: NetworkManager ===========================================================================================================
NetworkManager-adsl.x86_64 : ADSL device plugin for NetworkManager
NetworkManager-bluetooth.x86_64 : Bluetooth device plugin for NetworkManager
NetworkManager-cloud-setup.x86_64 : Automatically configure NetworkManager in cloud
NetworkManager-config-connectivity-redhat.noarch : NetworkManager config file for connectivity checking via Red Hat servers
NetworkManager-config-server.noarch : NetworkManager config file for "server-like" defaults
NetworkManager-dispatcher-routing-rules.noarch : NetworkManager dispatcher file for advanced routing rules
NetworkManager-fortisslvpn.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for Fortinet compatible SSLVPN
NetworkManager-fortisslvpn-gnome.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for SSLVPN - GNOME files
NetworkManager-l2tp.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for L2TP and L2TP/IPsec
NetworkManager-l2tp-gnome.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for L2TP and L2TP/IPsec - GNOME files
NetworkManager-libnm.x86_64 : Libraries for adding NetworkManager support to applications.
NetworkManager-libnm.i686 : Libraries for adding NetworkManager support to applications.
NetworkManager-libreswan.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plug-in for IPsec VPN
NetworkManager-libreswan-gnome.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for libreswan - GNOME files
NetworkManager-openconnect.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for openconnect
NetworkManager-openconnect-gnome.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for OpenConnect - GNOME files
NetworkManager-openvpn.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for OpenVPN
NetworkManager-openvpn-gnome.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for OpenVPN - GNOME files
NetworkManager-ovs.x86_64 : Open vSwitch device plugin for NetworkManager
NetworkManager-ppp.x86_64 : PPP plugin for NetworkManager
NetworkManager-pptp.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for PPTP
NetworkManager-pptp-gnome.x86_64 : NetworkManager VPN plugin for PPTP - GNOME files
NetworkManager-team.x86_64 : Team device plugin for NetworkManager
NetworkManager-tui.x86_64 : NetworkManager curses-based UI
NetworkManager-wifi.x86_64 : Wifi plugin for NetworkManager
NetworkManager-wwan.x86_64 : Mobile broadband device plugin for NetworkManager
kf5-networkmanager-qt.x86_64 : A Tier 1 KDE Frameworks 5 module that wraps NetworkManager DBus API
kf5-networkmanager-qt-devel.x86_64 : Development files for kf5-networkmanager-qt
libproxy-networkmanager.x86_64 : Plugin for libproxy and networkmanager
============================================================================================================== Summary Matched: NetworkManager ===============================================================================================================
libnma.i686 : NetworkManager GUI library
libnma.x86_64 : NetworkManager GUI library
network-manager-applet.x86_64 : A network control and status applet for NetworkManager
nm-connection-editor.x86_64 : A network connection configuration editor for NetworkManager
shorewall-init.noarch : Initialization functionality and NetworkManager integration for Shorewall
strongswan-charon-nm.x86_64 : NetworkManager plugin for Strongswan

Y aquí se explica cómo instalar el soporte de OpenVPN para NetworkManger en RHEL / CentOS / Fedora Linux (active el repositorio EPEL en RHEL o CentOS)
sudo dnf install NetworkManager-openvpn NetworkManager-openvpn-gnome

Resumiendo

Estamos encontrando la traducción Network Manager en Linux para identificar el soporte para varios protocolos y servicios de red. NetworkManager se instala de forma predeterminada en las principales distribuciones de Linux como Debian, Ubuntu, RHEL, SUSE, etc. Hay más información habitable sobre Network Manager en el sitio web del tesina Gnome. Consulte la sucesivo página de manual:
man nmcli
man NetworkManager
man rmadison

Publicaciones relacionadas

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba